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Summer interactions between weather regimes and surface ocean in the North-Atlantic region

Abstract : This study aims at understanding the summer ocean-atmosphere interactions in the North Atlantic European region on intraseasonal timescales. The CNRMOM1d ocean model is forced with ERA40 (ECMWF Re-Analysis) surface fluxes with a 1-h frequency in solar heat flux (6 h for the other forcing fields) over the 1959–2001 period. The model has 124 vertical levels with a vertical resolution of 1 m near the surface and 500 m at the bottom. This ocean forced experiment is used to assess the impact of the North Atlantic weather regimes on the surface ocean. Composites of sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies associated with each weather regime are computed and the mechanisms explaining these anomalies are investigated. Then, the SST anomalies related to each weather regime in the oceanforced experiment are prescribed to the ARPEGE Atmosphere General Circulation Model. We show that the interaction with the surface ocean induces a positive feedback on the persistence of the Blocking regime, a negative feedback on the persistence of the NAO-regime and favours the transition from the Atlantic Ridge regime to the NAO-regime and from the Atlantic Low regime toward the Blocking regime.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 15, 2009 - 11:43:59 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 17, 2022 - 4:11:48 AM

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Virginie Guemas, David Salas-Mélia, Masa Kageyama, Hervé Giordani, Aurore Voldoire, et al.. Summer interactions between weather regimes and surface ocean in the North-Atlantic region. Climate Dynamics, 2008, pp.20 Pages. ⟨10.1007/s00382-008-0491-6⟩. ⟨meteo-00353283⟩



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