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G‐CLASS: geosynchronous radar for water cycle science – orbit selection and system design

Abstract : The mission geosynchronous-continental land atmosphere sensing system (G-CLASS) is designed to study the diurnal water cycle, using geosynchronous radar. Although the water cycle is vital to human society, processes on timescales less than a day are very poorly observed from space. G-CLASS, using C-band geosynchronous radar, could transform this. Its science objectives address intense storms and high resolution weather prediction, and significant diurnal processes such as snow melt and soil moisture change, with societal impacts including agriculture, water resource management, flooding, and landslides. Secondary objectives relate to ground motion observations for earthquake, volcano, and subsidence monitoring. The orbit chosen for G-CLASS is designed to avoid the geosynchronous protected region and enables integration times of minutes to an hour to achieve resolutions down to ∼20 m. Geosynchronous orbit (GEO) enables high temporal resolution imaging (up to several images per hour), rapid response, and very flexible imaging modes which can provide much improved coverage at low latitudes. The G-CLASS system design is based on a standard small geosynchronous satellite and meets the requirements of ESA's Earth Explorer 10 call.
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https://hal-meteofrance.archives-ouvertes.fr/meteo-03360536
Contributor : Jean-Christophe Calvet Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, September 30, 2021 - 5:57:02 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 7:01:42 PM

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Stephen Hobbs, Andrea Monti Guarnieri, Antoni Broquetas, Jean‐christophe Calvet, Nicola Casagli, et al.. G‐CLASS: geosynchronous radar for water cycle science – orbit selection and system design. The Journal of Engineering, IET, 2019, 2019 (21), pp.7534-7537. ⟨10.1049/joe.2019.0601⟩. ⟨meteo-03360536⟩

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