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Numerical Analysis of the Atmospheric Boundary-Layer Turbulence Influence on Microscale Transport of Pollutant in an Idealized Urban Environment

Abstract : The mesoscale atmospheric model Meso-NH is used to investigate the influence of the mesoscale atmospheric turbulence on the mean flow, turbulence, and pollutant dispersion in an idealized urban-like environment, the array of containers investigated during the Mock Urban Setting Test field experiment. First, large-eddy simulations are performed as in typical computational fluid dynamics-like configurations, i.e., without accounting for the atmospheric boundary-layer (ABL) turbulence on scales larger than the building scale. Second, in a multiscale configuration, turbulence of all scales prevailing in the ABL is accounted for by using the grid-nesting approach to downscale from the meso-to the microscale. The building-like obstacles are represented using the immersed boundary method and a new turbulence recycling method is used to enhance the turbulence transition between two nested domains. Upstream of the container array, flow characteristics such as wind speed, direction and turbulence kinetic energy are well reproduced with the multiscale configuration, showing the efficiency of the grid-nesting approach in combination with turbulence recycling for downscaling from the meso-to the microscale. Only the multiscale configuration is able to reproduce the mesoscale turbulent structures crossing the container array. The accuracy of the numerical results is evaluated for wind speed, wind direction, and pollutant concentration. The microscale numerical simulation of wind speed and pollutant dispersion in an urban-like environment benefits from taking into account the ABL turbulence. However, this benefit is significantly less im
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 30, 2022 - 5:38:37 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 17, 2022 - 10:40:45 AM


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Tim Nagel, Robert Schoetter, Valéry Masson, Christine Lac, Bertrand Carissimo. Numerical Analysis of the Atmospheric Boundary-Layer Turbulence Influence on Microscale Transport of Pollutant in an Idealized Urban Environment. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, Springer Verlag, In press, ⟨10.1007/s10546-022-00697-7⟩. ⟨meteo-03625286⟩



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