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Contributions of a global network of tree diversity experiments to sustainable forest plantations

Kris Verheyen 1 Margot Vanhellemont 1 Harald Auge 2, 3 Lander Baeten 1 Christopher Baraloto 4, 5, 6 Nadia Barsoum 7 Simon Bilodeau-Gauthier 8 Helge Bruelheide 9 Bastien Castagneyrol 10 Douglas Godbold 11 Josephine Haase 12, 13, 14 Andy Hector 15 Herve Jactel 10 Julia Koricheva 16 Michel Loreau 17, 18 Simone Mereu 19, 20 Christian Messier 21, 8 Bart Muys 22 Philippe Nolet 23 Alain Paquette 8 John Parker 24 Mike Perring 1, 25 Quentin Ponette 26 Catherine Potvin 27, 28 Peter Reich 29, 30 Andy Smith 31 Martin Weih 32 Michael Scherer-Lorenzen 13
20 IAFES - Division on Impacts on Agriculture, Forests and Ecosystem Services
CMCC - Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change
22 Division of Forest, Nature and Landscape
EES - Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences [Leuven]
Abstract : The area of forest plantations is increasing worldwide helping to meet timber demand and protect natural forests. However, with global change, monospecific plantations are increasingly vulnerable to abiotic and biotic disturbances. As an adaption measure we need to move to plantations that are more diverse in genotypes, species, and structure, with a design underpinned by science. TreeDivNet, a global network of tree diversity experiments, responds to this need by assessing the advantages and disadvantages of mixed species plantations. The network currently consists of 18 experiments, distributed over 36 sites and five ecoregions. With plantations 1-15 years old, TreeDivNet can already provide relevant data for forest policy and management. In this paper, we highlight some early results on the carbon sequestration and pest resistance potential of more diverse plantations. Finally, suggestions are made for new, innovative experiments in understudied regions to complement the existing network.
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Kris Verheyen, Margot Vanhellemont, Harald Auge, Lander Baeten, Christopher Baraloto, et al.. Contributions of a global network of tree diversity experiments to sustainable forest plantations. AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, Springer Verlag, 2015, online first (1), ⟨10.1007/s13280-015-0685-1⟩. ⟨hal-01204232⟩

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