Paramétrisation de la turbulence atmosphérique dans la couche limite stable

Abstract : The modeling of the stable atmospheric boundary layer is one of the current challenge faced by weather and climate models. The stable boundary layer is a key for the prediction of fog, surface frost, temperature inversion, low-level jet and pollution peaks. Furthermore, polar regions, where stable boundary layer predominates, are one of the region with the largest temperature rise : the stable boundary layer modeling is crucial for the reduction of the spread of climate predictions. Since more than 15 years, the GABLS models intercomparison exercices have shown that turbulent mixing in the stable boundary layer is overestimated by numerical weather prediction models. Numerous models artificially strengthen the activity of their turbulence scheme to avoid a laminarization of the flow at a critical value of the gradient Richardson number. The existence of this threshold is only a theoretical and a numerical issues. Numerous observations and high-resolution numerical simulations do not support this concept and show two different regimes : the weakly stable boundary layer that is continuously and strongly turbulent; and the very stable boundary layer globally intermittent with a highly anisotropic and very weak turbulence. This thesis aims at improving the turbulence scheme within the atmospheric research model Méso-NH developped by Météo-France and the Laboratoire d'Aérologie, and the operational weather forecast model AROME. We use a traditional methodology based on the comparison of high-resolution simulations that dynamically resolve the most energetic turbulent eddies (Large-Eddy Simulations) to single-column simulations. Several LES covering the weakly and the very stable boundary layer were performed with Méso-NH. The limits of applicability of LES in stratified conditions are documented. The first part of the study deals with the overmixing in the weakly stable boundary layer. We propose a new diagnostic formulation for the mixing length which is a key parameter for turbulence schemes based on a prognostic equation for the turbulent kinetic energy. The new formulation adds a local vertical wind shear term to a non-local buoyancy-based mixing length currently used in Méso-NH and in the French operational model AROME. The new scheme is evaluated first in single-column simulations with Méso-NH and compared to LES, and then in the AROME model with respect to observations collected from the operational network of Météo-France. The second part presents a theoretical and numerical evaluation of a turbulence scheme based on two prognostic equations for the turbulent kinetic and potentiel energies. In stratified conditions, the heat flux contributes to the production of turbulent potential energy. The laminarization of the flow is then limited by a reduction of the destruction of the turbulent kinetic energy by a better representation of the anisotropy and a counter-gradient term in the heat flux. On the simulated cases, this new formulation behaves similarly than the scheme with one equation for the turbulent kinetic energy because the self-preservation mechanism is not dominant compared to the dissipation term. Further research should improve the turbulent kinetic energy dissipation closure in the very stable regime.
Document type :
Theses
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01861666
Contributor : Abes Star <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 31, 2019 - 9:40:29 AM
Last modification on : Friday, February 1, 2019 - 1:12:29 AM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-01861666, version 2

Collections

Citation

Quentin Rodier. Paramétrisation de la turbulence atmosphérique dans la couche limite stable. Océan, Atmosphère. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU30343⟩. ⟨tel-01861666v2⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

55